DIA functions and relations with law enforcement authorities in the field of preventive and criminal operations are regulated by the legislative decree n. 159 of 2011. On the basis of a thorough analysis of the Mafia-type actvities, DIA is in charge of predicting crime trends so to immediately target criminal investigations and more effectively cope with Mafia-type crimes.
The core of DIA activities is the following:
They are carried out by constantly studying the criminal phenomenon and analyzing the activities of the subjects who are suspected of belonging to Mafia-type organizations. In particular, preventive investigations aim at outlining:
- Features of criminal organizations;
- Structure and links of criminal organizations at the domestic and international levels;
- Targets and modus operandi of criminal organizations ;
- any other Mafia-type activity, including extorsions.
This preventive activity is the starting point of investigations, which will then check “on the spot” the reliability and accuracy of the investigative hypotheses .
Investigations are mainly focused on four areas: information gathering, economic and financial assets, money laundering and tenders control.
The core of DIA investigations is mainly criminals rather than single crimes. DIA does not usually intervene on the basis of a notitia criminis but after having analyzed the criminal phenomenon as a whole and Mafia-type associations. DIA investigations aim at ascertaining:
- criminal features
of each Mafia member.
The investigations are concentrated on strategically selected targets, without wasting information and investigative efforts. DIA closely works with the law enforcement offices and authorities, which provide any type of cooperation to DIA personnel.
The “International Relations with Investigative Purposes” Branch promotes and develops any link – at the information and operational level – with foreign bodies, which are specialized in the fight against organized crime. It cooperates with the main investigating authorities of the EU Countries and the law enforcement authorities of other continental areas (non-EU countries, America, Asia, Africa and Oceania).
The Third Branch participates in the main law enforcement multilateral forums, which are focused on the prevention and fight against transnational organized crime.